Democracy and Markets: Citizen Values in the Pacific Rim Region

Dalton, R. J. & Ong, Nhu-Ngoc
A democratization wave swept across the world in the 1990s (Huntington 1991; Vanhanen 1997), but its impact on the nations of East Asia was less extensive than in Eastern Europe and other parts of the world. Similarly, the development of market-based economies has occurred in varying degree across East Asia. In South Korea and Taiwan the earlier formation of a capitalist market economy and involvement in the international trade regime facilitated development of their democratic systems. China and Vietnam, in contrast, have recently introduced elements of a market economic system, but have resisted concomitant political reforms. Our research focuses on a central question for the nations of East Asia: does the course of development in this region lean toward the strengthening of democracy and market economics - and what is the relationship between these two domains (Elster 1993). We ask whether the popular and cultural foundations to support democratization and market economics broadly exist within the region, and are values in one area related to those in the other...

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