What Insights can Multi-Country Surveys Provide about People and Societies?

Inglehart, Ronald and Welzel, Christian
Large-N cross-national surveys can provide insight into human behavior that is otherwise unobtainable. They make it possible to perform empirical analyses of cross-level linkages, testing such questions as: "Are specific individual-level beliefs conducive to the emergence and flourishing of democratic institutions?" or, "Is economic development linked with declining religious beliefs and more secular worldviews?" Or "Are certain individual-level beliefs conducive to economic growth?" These are questions that students of political culture, secularization and modernization have debated for decades. Since they involve individual-level beliefs, any conclusive answer requires survey data; since they also involve system-level variables such as democratic institutions, or levels of economic development, they also require data from a broad range of societies and in so far as they involve changes over time, they also require data from multiple waves of surveys. Only recently have such cross-national survey projects as the various Barometer surveys now being carried out in Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa, the ISSP surveys, the Comparative Election Surveys and the World Values Survey (which has just released an 80-nation dataset) begun to provide the data needed to answer such questions. The availability of cross-nationally comparable survey data from countries covering the full range of economic, political and cultural variation will not end these debates, but it will make it possible to move away from relying on stereotypes and guesswork, and base one's arguments on replicable evidence...

What_Insights_can_Multi_Country_Surveys_Provide_about_People_and_Societies.doc [Download count:97]

(Click for more...)
 
 
View by Author
View by Title
Search text:
Analyzing National Change in Citizen Secularism Across Four Time Periods in the World Values Surveys [Li, Liman Man Wai & Bond, Michael H.]
Context Matters - The Effect of National-Level Factors on the Relationship between Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Individuals on Their Life-Satisfaction [Eichhorn, J.]
Cultural Differences on Values about Conflict, War, and Peace [Díez-Nicolás, J.]
Democracy Misunderstood: Authoritarian Notions of Democracy around the Globe [Welzel, C., Kirsch, H.]
Does Individual Secularism Promote Life Satisfaction? The Moderating Role of Societal Development [Li, Liman Man Wai & Bond, Michael H.]
Dynamics of Cultural Change: The Human Development Perspective [Abdollahian, M., Coan, T., Oh, H., Yesilada, B.]
Economic Individualism and Government Spending [Arikan, G.]
Evidencing and Explaining Democratic Congruence: The Perspective of Substantive Democracy [Welzel, C., Klingemann, H.-D.]
Evolution, Empowerment and Emancipation [Welzel, C.]
Examining Environmental Concern in Developed, Transitioning and Developing Countries - A Cross-Country Test of the Objective Problems and the Subjective Values Explanations [Running, K.]
Forms of Civic Engagement and Corruption: Disentangling the Roles of Voluntary Associations, Elite challenging Mass Movements and the Type of Trust within Social Networks [Griesshaber, N.]
From Materialist to Postmaterialist Happiness? [Delhey, J.]
Generalizing Trust - How Outgroup-Trust Grows Beyond Ingroup-Trust [Delhey, J., Welzel, C.]
Islam and Patriarchy: How Robust is Muslim Support for Patriarchal Values? [Alexander, A.C. & Welzel, C.]
Mapping the Cooperative Landscape: Spatializing an Intangible Social Capital Variable [Witte, A.E., Tensaout, M.]
Measuring Effective Democracy: A Defense [Alexander, A.C., Inglehart, R. & Welzel, C.]
Measuring Effective Democracy: The Human Empowerment Approach [Welzel, C., Alexander A.C.]
Misconceptions of Measurement Equivalence: Time for a Paradigm Shift [Welzel, C.; Inglehart, R.]
Peace Through Integration or Peace Through Separation? [Reher, S.]
Pitfalls in the Study of Democratization. Testing the Emancipatory Theory of Democracy [Welzel, C.; Inglehart, R.; Kruse, S.]
Religiosity and Attitudes towards the Involvement of Religious Leaders in Politics [Mueller, T.]
Religious Regimes and Prospects for Liberal Politics: Futures of Iran, Iraq, and Saudi-Arabia [Moaddel, M.]
Testing the Revised Theory of Modernization: Measurement and Explanatory Aspects [Dülmer, H.; Inglehart, R.; Welzel, C.]
The Legitimacy Puzzle: Why So Many People Confuse the Absence of Democracy with Its Presence [Kruse, S., Ravlik, M., Welzel, C.]
Two Contradictory Hypotheses on Globalization: Societal Convergence or Civilizational Differentiation? [Diez-Nicolás, J.]
Unity, Plurality and/or Hybridity? Assessing the Global Pattern of Political Cultures [Schubert, S.]
Value Structures and Dimensions: Evidence from the German WVS [Held, M., Mueller, J., Deutsch, F., Grzechnik, E., Welzel C.]
Values, Repression, and Subversion [Zavadkaya M., Welzel C.]
World Values Survey Response and Behavior. Emancipative and Secular Values Predict Cooperation, Protection of Property and Pro-Social Behavior [Kistler, D.; Thöni, C.; Welzel, C.]